Setting your workpath (alias) on LAMPP


Source

Hosting files outside the htdocs directory

The document root (web root) directory is located at /opt/lampp/htdocs/. All files placed in this directory will be processed by the web server.

To host other files on your system with XAMPP, you can configure an alias with apache.

  1. Edit apache’s httpd.conf with your favorite editor.
    nano /opt/lampp/etc/httpd.conf
  2. Find “DocumentRoot“, you will see something like:
DocumentRoot "/opt/lampp/htdocs"
<Directory "/opt/lampp/htdocs">
    ...    
    ...

</Directory>

In the next line after “</Directory>” paste this:

<Directory "/yourDirectory/">
    Options Indexes FollowSymLinks ExecCGI Includes
    AllowOverride All
    Require all granted
</Directory>

Next find the “<IfModule alias_module>”:

<IfModule alias_module>

    #
    # Redirect: Allows you to tell clients about documents that used to 
    # exist in your server's namespace, but do not anymore. The client 
    # will make a new request for the document at its new location.
    # Example:
    # Redirect permanent /foo http://www.example.com/bar
  ...
</IfModule>

And before the “</IfModule>” paste this:

Alias /yourAlias /yourDirectory/

Now do not forget to restart Apache:

# /opt/lampp/lampp restart

This will allow you to host files from your home directory (or any other directory) with XAMPP.

In the above example, you can access the files by pointing your web browser to localhost/yourAlias.

Debugging and profiling with Xdebug and Xampp

For detailed instructions go here.

You must first download the Xampp Development Tools from the same download page here.

Extract this into your Xampp directory:

# tar xvfz xampp-linux-devel-x.x.x.tar.gz -C /opt

You should be able to successfully run

/opt/lampp/bin/phpize

in your xdebug folder.

PhpMyAdmin 403 Access Forbidden

If your http://localhost/phpmyadmin returns “403 Access Forbidden”, you need to edit the following settings in /opt/lampp/etc/extra/httpd-xampp.conf:

<Directory "/opt/lampp/phpmyadmin">
	AllowOverride AuthConfig Limit
	#Order allow,deny
	#Allow from all
	Require all granted
</Directory>

Local test server security

Apache and MySQL can be configured so that they only listen to requests from your own computer. For most test systems this is fine and it greatly reduces the risk because the services are not reachable from the Internet.

Before you start XAMPP for the first time find and edit these files:

For Apache edit the files xampp\apache\conf\httpd.conf and xampp\apache\conf\extra\httpd-ssl.conf. Look for lines starting with “Listen” such as

Listen 80

and replace them with

Listen 127.0.0.1:80

For MySQL open the file xampp\mysql\bin\my.cnf find the section “[mysqld]” and add this line

bind-address=localhost

After starting the services, verify the result by going to a command window and start and execute:

netstat -a -n

For the entries marked as LISTEN in the last column, look at the Listen column. It should always start with 127.0.0.1 or ::1 but not with 0.0.0.0.

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